人生の軌跡を綴っていきます


by yu-fen-sun
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Business Ethics

Most people involved in business—whether functioning as a small business owner, employee, or chief executive officer of a multinational company—eventually face ethical or moral dilemmas in the workplace. Such dilemmas are usually complex, for they force the person making the decision to weigh the benefits that various business decisions impart on (~を授ける、与える) individuals (including him or herself) and groups with the negative repercussions (反響、反動) that those same decisions usually have on other individuals or groups. LaRue Hosmer, a business ethics expert who teaches at the University of Michigan, observed that reaching a "right" or "just" conclusion when faced with moral problems can be a bewildering (まごつかせる、ひどく困惑させる) and vexing (苛々させる) proposition (事柄). But he contended (強く主張する) that businesspeople are likely to reach and act on morally appropriate decisions if they do not lose sight of the fundamental issue of fairness. Those who get sidetracked (主題から逸れる、側線に入る) by issues of profitability and legality in gauging (正しく判断する) the morality of a business decision, on the other hand, often reach ethically skewed (歪められた) choices. As has been proven time and again in the business world, the legality of a course of action may be utterly irrelevant (全く無関係な、全く不適切な) to its "rightness." In addition, any discussion of business ethics is a subjective (主観的な) one, for everyone brings different concepts of ethical behavior to the table. These moral standards are shaped by all sorts of things, from home environment to religious upbringing to cultural traditions.

In recent years, the issue of business ethics has garnered (得る) increased attention. Corporate research and watchdog groups (監視団体) such as the Ethics Resource Center and the Council on Economic Priorities point out that the number of corporations that engage in ethics training and initiate socially responsive programs has increased dramatically over the course of the past two decades, and that courses on business ethics have proliferated (急増する) in America's business schools during that time as well. But observers have also noted that over that same period of time, the business world saw numerous instances of stock price pumping (上下する、変動する) through corporate downsizing, punitive actions (処罰行為) against "whistleblowers (内部告発者、密告者)," and other practices that point to a still-prevalent emphasis on the bottom line over all other considerations in many industries.

Business Ethicsのクラスをアメリカの大学で履修したのですが、
とても楽しかったですよ。
それと同時に、この分野には沢山の答え(というか答えが無い)があることを勉強しました。
留学生は私1人だった事もあり、
Discussionの時には、日本人として個人として意見を求められることも多くありました。
by yu-fen-sun | 2009-09-10 00:01 | 英語関連