2009年 09月 24日 ( 3 )

Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama tried to assure U.S. President Barack Obama on Wednesday that Japan's new government will make sure its bilateral alliance with Washington remains the linchpin (要、基軸) of its foreign policy, Japanese officials said.

The summit talks, held on the sidelines of key United Nations meetings in New York, were the first since Hatoyama, president of the Democratic Party of Japan, took office Sept. 16 after a historic Diet election that brought about a sweeping change in government power.

Although the specifics of the talks were not immediately available, Hatoyama and Obama are believed to have focused on building personal trust and reaffirming joint efforts in addressing global issues, rather than seeking quick solutions to sticky bilateral problems.

Those would include Hatoyama's plans to review the realignment (再配置) of U.S. forces in Japan, a process that was agreed upon in 2006 between Washington and the conservative government led by the Liberal Democratic Party.

The DPJ has said it wants to move the U.S. Marine Corps' Futenma Air Station out of Okinawa Prefecture, although the U.S.-Japan realignment pact states that the facility is to be relocated within the prefecture.

However, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was quoted as saying Monday in talks with Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada that Washington sees the 2006 agreement as the basis for the realignment but is ready to continue negotiating on that matter.

Before meeting with Obama, Hatoyama said he would focus on building trust during his first diplomatic trip as prime minister, suggesting he would skip the realignment issue.

But the issue will likely land on the table (審議される) when Obama meets Hatoyama during his visit to Japan in November.

Hatoyama also was scheduled to hold separate talks Wednesday with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev, South Korean President Lee Myung Bak and Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd.
by yu-fen-sun | 2009-09-24 13:26 | 英語関連
Angry workers beat to death a human resources vice president after he laid off 42 employees at an auto-parts manufacturing company in southern India, police said Wednesday.

Roy George was vice-president for human resources at Pricol, the auto-parts company.

Some four to five workers, belonging to a union not recognized by the company, barged into (押し掛ける) his office and beat him up with iron rods (鉄の棒), said N. Kannan, a police superintendent (管理者、最高責任者) of Coimbatore in Tamil Nadu state.

George, 47, died from his head injuries Tuesday, Kannan told CNN.

Police have arrested nine people and are expected to round up (一斉検挙する) more.

Last year the Indian head of an Italian company died after allegedly being beaten by a mob of sacked (首になった、解雇された) employees.

More than 60 people were charged with the murder of the chief executive of Graziano Transmissioni near New Delhi.

Earlier this month, India's Jet Airways had to cancel hundreds of flights after pilots struck work over the sacking of two of their colleagues in August.

Companies in the South Asian nation, despite its rapid economic growth in recent years, have often been faced with tough labor issues because of archaic laws (時代遅れの法律) and company policies on hiring and retrenchment (削減、経費節減).

Business consultants in India blame such labor standoffs on what they call lack of transparency in retrenchment or layoff policies.

Hiring and firing conditions are often not explained to workers by their companies, said Rajeev Karwal, founding-director of Milagrow Business and Knowledge Solutions.

Issues could spiral out of control if the businesses and bureaucrats are seen in a "corrupt nexus (結びつき)" by the employees seeking reprieve (救済) from labor authorities, he said.
by yu-fen-sun | 2009-09-24 01:51 | 英語関連

Hatoyama takes lead on CO 2 cuts

Beijing, New Delhi seen making big concessions (譲歩する、妥協する)

In the highest-level conference yet on climate change, 100 world leaders gathered at the United Nations on Tuesday to decide how to start an energy revolution.

In his first U.N. speech since taking office, Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama pledged that Japan will cut its greenhouse gas emissions by 25 percent by 2020 from 1990 levels.

Hatoyama also called for the establishment of an international mechanism offering technological and financial support to developing nations as part of efforts to tackle global warming, dubbed the "Hatoyama Initiative."

He said his government is determined to attain the 25 percent target by mobilizing "all possible measures," including the creation of a domestic emissions trading system and a program to buy renewable energy at fixed prices, and the possible establishment of a tax to pay for steps against global warming.

However, Hatoyama also stressed that Japan is not committed to achieving the 25 percent goal unless all major emitters agree on ambitious targets as well.

Hatoyama underscored (強調する) the need to "strategically increase" the amount of funds to help developing countries deal with threats linked to climate change because they are often required to deal with the residual effects (残留効果) of warming caused by other countries.

As a general rule, Hatoyama proposed that all industrialized nations should contribute "a considerable amount of additional funding from the private and public sectors" to help developing countries.

Meanwhile, the most substantial changes were expected to come from what the presidents of China, India and other major economies spelled out for billions of people and their households, businesses and farms in the decades ahead.

Those leaders were expected to make more ambitious commitments than the U.S. leader, whose hands are still tied by Congress.

"We are asking developing countries to do as we say, not as we did," said Ed Miliband, Britain's climate secretary, whose nation has pledged to cut carbon emissions by more than a third from 1990 levels by 2020, and said 40 percent of Britain's electricity by then would come from renewable sources.

Tuesday's U.N. summit and the G20 summit in Pittsburgh at the end of this week are intended to add pressure on the United States and other rich nations to commit to cuts and provide the billions of dollars needed to help developing nations stop cutting down their forests or burning coal.

China and the U.S. each account for about 20 percent of all the world's greenhouse gas pollution created when coal, natural gas or oil are burned. The European Union is next, generating 14 percent, followed by Russia and India, which each account for 5 percent.

Chinese President Hu Jintao was expected to lay out new plans for extending China's energy-saving programs and targets for reducing the "intensity" of its carbon pollution — carbon dioxide emission increases as related to economic growth.

China has been cutting energy intensity for the past four years and was expected to unveil a new carbon intensity goal in a five-year plan for development until 2015. China already has said it is seeking to use 15 percent of its energy from renewable sources by 2020.

India, too, was also expected to draw some of the spotlight for laying out plans for the fifth-biggest contributor of global warming gases to bump up fuel efficiency (燃料効率を上げる), burn coal more cleanly, preserve forests and grow more organic crops.

The U.S., under President George W. Bush's administration, long cited inaction by China and India as the reason for rejecting mandatory cuts in greenhouse gases.

Tuesday's meeting was intended to rally momentum for crafting a new global climate pact at Copenhagen in December. Bush rejected the 1997 Kyoto Protocol for cutting global emissions of warming gases, which expires at the end of 2012, based on its impact on the U.S. economy and exclusion of major developing nations such as China and India, both major polluters.

But neither China nor India say they will agree to binding greenhouse gas cuts like those envisioned in a new climate pact to start in 2013. They question why they should, when not even the U.S. will agree to join rich nations in scaling back (減らす、縮小する) their pollution.

The EU is urging other rich countries to match its pledge to cut emissions by 20 percent from 1990 levels by 2020, and has said it would cut up to 30 percent if other rich countries follow suit (後に続く、先例に倣う).

環境問題と経済問題・・・・・
この2つは大きなジレンマですね。
一見両立が矛盾するこの2つの問題を解決できる方法を探るしか
解決の道は無いように思えるのですが・・・・
例えば、技術の圧倒的変化、代替エネルギーの普及等々です。
by yu-fen-sun | 2009-09-24 00:41 | 英語関連